New York

Academic Achievement

Student performance in New York is middling. The state hovers around the national average in the percentage of 4th and 8th graders at or above the proficient level on the NAEP reading and math exams.

Academic Achievement for Low-Income and Minority Students

New York earns a mediocre grade on academic achievement for low-income and minority students. Only 14% of Hispanic 8th graders score at or above the proficient level on the NAEP math exam. The national average is 21%.

Return on Investment

Student achievement in New York is very low relative to state spending after controlling for cost of living.  

Truth in Advertising: Student Proficiency

New York posts above average marks on the credibility of its student proficiency scores. The grade is based on the difference between the percentage of students identified as proficient in reading and math on the 2011 state exams and the percentage identified as proficient on the 2011 NAEP reading and math tests.

Postsecondary and Workforce Readiness

New York earns a high grade preparing its students for college and careers, with 25 students out of 100 passing an AP exam.

21st Century Teacher Force

New York does an above average job of creating a strong teacher workforce. It struggles to remove ineffective teachers but is good at identifying effective ones. 

Parental Options

New York does an excellent job providing parents with strong school choice options. The Empire State has a strong charter school law that allows a number of independent organizations to authorize charter schools, as well as great flexibility for charter schools to operate.

Data Quality

New York earns a good grade collecting and reporting high-quality education data, having made significant progress in recent years. It has policies to support a longitudinal data system and is expanding stakeholder use. 


New York receives a poor grade employing technology to provide effective instruction and personalized learning. Students have limited access to high-quality digital learning options, and the state has not invested in the necessary infrastructure to support digital learning in schools.

International Competitiveness

New York earns an above average grade preparing its students to compete in a global economy, with about 14 students out of 100 passing an AP STEM exam.

Fiscal Responsibility

New York receives very high marks on fiscal responsibility. Eighty-seven percent of the state’s pension is funded, and the state’s most recent pension contribution was 100%.