African-American Students by State

Before we present information on the academic performance of African-American students across the country, it is important to note that the African-American population is not evenly distributed from state to state. Some states have a far higher concentration of African-American students than others.1 This is a word of caution when interpreting some of the findings later in this report, as statistics showing that some states perform particularly well or particularly poorly are educating a very small number of African-American students might be affected by the state’s small sample size. Where appropriate, we will note where we think state results are clear outliers driven by a small number of students, and we will not produce top five/bottom five lists for several indicators because of the variance.

To put together this table, we pulled enrollment numbers from the National Center on Education Statistics Elementary/Secondary Information System (ElSi). These are enrollment numbers for public school students during the 2013–2014 school year, the most recent data available.

1For the purpose of this report, some of the consulted data sources stated student race as either African American or black, and some use both interchangeably. For consistency purposes, we use African American. In addition, several data sources include data for "multi-racial", "biracial", or "two or more races." Given that we are unable to discern if that includes African-American or black students, that data was not included.

State Number of African-American Students Total Number of Students Percentage of African-American Students in the State
Alabama 251,078 743,018 33.8%
Alaska 4,463 130,942 3.4%
Arizona 57,269 1,096,885 5.2%
Arkansas 102,803 489,979 21.0%
California 384,291 6,215,786 6.2%
Colorado 41,107 876,147 4.7%
Connecticut 70,655 546,020 12.9%
Delaware 41,046 131,539 31.2%
District of Columbia 57,483 78,153 73.6%
Florida 623,058 2,720,739 22.9%
Georgia 637,740 1,723,909 37.0%
Hawaii 3,869 186,825 2.1%
Idaho 3,161 294,262 1.1%
Illinois 362,760 2,049,231 17.7%
Indiana 128,865 1,047,385 12.3%
Iowa 26,745 494,278 5.4%
Kansas 35,511 491,553 7.2%
Kentucky 72,929 675,587 10.8%
Louisiana 316,473 695,632 45.5%
Maine 5,844 176,881 3.3%
Maryland 301,996 866,169 34.9%
Massachusetts 82,990 955,739 8.7%
Michigan 283,322 1,506,431 18.8%
Minnesota 82,447 850,454 9.7%
Mississippi 242,946 492,586 49.3%
Missouri 151,159 916,933 16.5%
Montana 1,351 144,129 0.9%
Nebraska 20,522 307,677 6.7%
Nevada 44,798 451,831 9.9%
New Hampshire 3,522 185,299 1.9%
New Jersey 220,307 1,369,790 16.1%
New Mexico 6,401 339,058 1.9%
New York 496,248 2,719,824 18.2%
North Carolina 390,455 1,498,344 26.1%
North Dakota 3,271 101,687 3.2%
Ohio 280,171 1,721,825 16.3%
Oklahoma 62,614 680,989 9.2%
Oregon 14,745 554,656 2.7%
Pennsylvania 264,886 1,734,286 15.3%
Rhode Island 11,493 140,605 8.2%
South Carolina 261,583 742,982 35.2%
South Dakota 3,532 130,837 2.7%
Tennessee 227,513 993,556 22.9%
Texas 653,221 5,149,025 12.7%
Utah 8,088 625,093 1.3%
Vermont 1,697 85,407 2.0%
Virginia 296,347 1,273,785 23.3%
Washington 47,752 1,058,509 4.5%
West Virginia 13,177 280,958 4.7%
Wisconsin 85,220 873,841 9.8%
Wyoming 1,133 92,563 1.2%
National Total 7,792,057 49,704,129 15.7%